India’s central bank, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), has pointed out a group of loan accounts composed of businesses controlled by state governments that missed payments between the Fiscal Year 2020 (FY20) and Fiscal Year 2022 (FY22) and has requested the banking institutions to create provisions averse to them retroactively.
In the latest inspection for the Fiscal Year 2022 (FY22), the RBI mandated that the banking institutions make provisions of around 20% of the outstanding loans that the businesses had taken. Following a notice on June 7th, 2019, regarding the propositions of stressed assets, requiring lenders to assess loan accounts in less than 30 days of default, the regulatory body reprimanded banks for failing to comply.
According to bankers, Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) occasionally miss their repayment dates; however, these occurrences are brief, generally lasting no longer than one week. Nevertheless, they stated that the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is inquiring as to the reason these banks didn’t verify the loan accounts using the circular of June 2019. State Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) from Odisha (or Orissa), Telangana, and Andhra Pradesh were among those mentioned by the central bank.
A banker stated that even though the loans fell under the standard classification and were paid back on time, they were urged to put forward more because of prior defaults. Since Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) are government-run organizations and are not likely to experience intense repayment hardship, they usually give them some elbow room. The borrowers will need to lay aside a huge payment because they have sizable outstanding loans and a provision of 20%. Based on the loan category, banking institutions normally offer provisions on non-restructured standard loans between 0.25 and 2%. The latest directive from the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) comes when banks appear to handle the corresponding cordial asset quality stress.
Bankers claim that the central bank has a stringent policy on exhibition to specific state government-run firms. In June, the RBI made a statement saying that banking institutions were breaking its rules when making loans to state Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs), particularly for infrastructure and housing projects. Although a lot of lenders have so far adhered to the circular of June 14th.
As per reports, off-balance sheet borrowings of state governments cause the problem. Such loans are obtained by Special Purpose Entities (SPE) and state governments that are backed by governmental guarantees. Even though a few state government bodies receiving the loans had no cash flows from which the loans had to be paid back, banking institutions were noticed to be lending significant amounts to these borrowers.